Definitions

Terminology you will come across when completing a transaction

Districts of Punjab Districts of Punjab

Measurment of Punjab Land.

 

Area: 50, 362 sq. km,
Capital: Chandigarh;
Language: Punjabi;
Districts: 17;
Population  (2001/1991): 24,289,296 / 20,190,795; Males: 12,1963,362 / 10,695,136; Females: 11325934 / 9,495,659;
Increase in (1991-2001)/ (1991-1981) : 4,098,501/3,401,880
Growth Rate (per cent) 2001-1991: 19.76%
Density (persons per sq.km.): 401;
Urban Population:29.55%;
Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males): 874
Literacy: 57.14% Males:75/ 63.68,Females: 63/49.72;
Per capita income (89-90): Rs. 7081.
1991 Census final population total: 20,281,969.

 

 

Jallandhar District Jallandhar District

Jallandhar is a district in Punjab.

 

Powadra is a village in the south of Jallandhar, north of the river Sat Luj and west of Phillaur.

This village is 729 Hectares in area.

 

 

 

Village Powadra, District Jallandhar, State Punjab, India Village Powadra

Each Hectare of land in the village has a number. For example Hectare number 1 of 729. This is shown in the google snap of Powadra, in District Jallandhar, Punjab, India.

 

Each Hectare is divided into 25 acres numbered 1 to 25.

 

Each Acre(Keth / Keela),  comprises of 8 Kanals

 

A kanal is equal to:

  • 0.125 acres (510 m2)
  • 506 m²
  • 20 marlas
  • 605 square yards

The marla is equal to the square rod (Karam), or 272.25 square feet, 30.25 square yards, or 25.2929 square metres.

 

A rod is measured as 5.5 yards.

 

A Karam is 5.5 sq ft
9 Karams make one Marla ( 272.25 sq ft )
20 Marlas make one Kanaal ( 5445 sq ft )
8 Kanaals make one Keela ( 43,560 sq ft )

A Keela is measured as a rectangle - it is made of 36 Karams along one side, times 40 Karams along the other, or 198 feet x 220 feet = 43,560 sq feet.

Kothis are measured in Kanaals. Most are 2-4 Kanaals but the big ones can be anything from 4-6 kanaals.

Some of the older measurement units of land were-;

Biswa - 12 Biswas made 1 Kanaal
Bigha - 20 Biswas made 1 Bigha