A jamabandi is a term used in India meaning "rights of records" and refers to land records.

These records are documents which are maintained for each village within its Tehsil. It contains the name of the owners,area of cultivation/land,shares of owners and other Rights. It is revised after a certain period of time for e.g. in states like Punjab, it is revised after 5 years.

After it is prepared by a Patwari, it is attested by Revenue Officer of that division. Two copies of jamabandi are made, one is kept in Government's Record room and other is kept with Patwari. All changes in title/interests of the revenue estate coming into the notice of Revenue Authorities are duly reflected in the Jamabandi according to set procedures.

Under the Indian land record system, Girdawari is the record of land cultivation. It records the crop and ownership of the crop.

Local landlords must ensure that Girdawari stays in their name, otherwise; if someone else is shown as cultivating the land for an extended period of time, they can claim possession of the land, resulting in a dispute of land ownership.

Murabba means a land block of 25 acres (100,000 m2)
1 Acres=4840 square yards

Khasra No. means a number assigned to a block of land

Patti is composed of khasra numbers

Muzaira means cultivator who does not own land

Khatouni- revenue record


Haq Shufa: preemption right- blood relative or tiller can claim right to repurchase property at sale price with in one year should it be sold to an outsider.


Intkaal: after registering a piece of land in ones name, one has to inform the tehsil to update their records. It used to be the responsibility of buyer but now with computerization this process has become automatic in India. However, back it up with a check to ensure it has been done.

Land measurement units
8 Kanals=1 acre
acre is also called quilla or ghumaon
20 marlas= 1 kanal
160 marlas=1 acre
1 marla=9 square karams
1 karam=5.5 feet
1 acre= 4 bigas+ 16 biswas (20th part)

1 acre=4 and 4/5 bigas

1 acre= 96 biswas