The Panchayat is a political system mainly in India.

"Panchayat" literally means assembly (yat) of five (panch) wise and respected elders chosen and accepted by the village community. Traditionally, these assemblies settled disputes between individuals and villages.

Modern Indian government has decentralised several administrative functions to the village level, empowering elected gram panchayats. Gram panchayats are not to be confused with the unelected khap panchayats (or caste panchayats) found in some parts of India.

A sarpanch is a democratically elected head of a village level statutory institution of local self-Government called the Gram (village) Panchayat in India.

He, together with other elected Panches (members), constitute the Gram Panchayat.

The Sarpanch is the focal point of contact between government officers and the village community. It is an elected position.  Sarpanch are most powerfull person in village.

A Sarpanchni is a Sarpanch's assistant, and helps settle any matters of conflict within the "pind" or village.